The Windmills of the Butte

There once were around fifteen windmills on the Montmartre Butte; only two remain today!

For a long time Montmartre was a country village, organized around the old Abey and peopled by peasants craftsman, and millers.

In the 17th and 18th centuries a great deal of windmills raised their sails all over the Butte; of those, nearly all fifteen officially recognized windmills were to be found around the crest of the hill. Not only were they used to grind wheat, the windmills also pressed grapes and crushed materials needed in factories, and were the focus of many Parisians on his Sunday stroll.
The only two remaining windmills today are.the Radet and the Blute-Fin, the latter’s name from the verb “bluter” which means “to sieve” or “to sift.” These windmills, together with gardens and farm, made up the Moulin de la Galette, famous for its popular ball immortalised by Renoir.

Liste des anciens moulins de Montmartre & dates d’édification :

Moulin du Palais – 1591 ; puis Moulin-Vieux-du-Palais – 1622
Moulin de la Vieille-Tour – 1623
Moulin de la Lancette – 1630
Moulin du Palais – 1640
Moulin de la Petite-Tour – 1647
Moulin de-la-Fontaine-Saint-Denis – 1724
Moulin-des-Près – 1725
Moulin-Neuf – 1741
Moulin de la Grande-Tour – XVIIIe
Moulin du Palais – 1622 ; Moulin Bout-à-Fin – 1640 ; Moulin Blute-Fin – 1795
Moulin des Brouillards ou Moulin-à-vin – XVIIe
Moulin Chapon – 1717 ; puis Moulin Radet – 1667 et transferé en 1834.
Moulin de la Turlure – 1770
Moulin Radet – 1834

The only two remaining windmills today are.the Radet and the Blute-Fin, the latter’s name from the verb “bluter” which means “to sieve” or “to sift.” These windmills, together with gardens and farm, made up the Moulin de la Galette, famous for its popular ball immortalised by Renoir.

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